Do you have any idea what type of health challenges we are going to face in 2021? If no, then you should know about it! 2019 came up with plenty of troubling medical issues such as Dengue Fever, Chikungunya, and most terrific COVID-19, a pandemic that the world hasn’t seen since the Spanish Influenza of 1918. It is not the end of the story because, according to WHO (World Health Organization), we will face many health threats because of our poor health conditions, climate uncertainty, and many more.
You should know about all these health issues because if you want to deal with future threats, only a well-balanced diet not enough. You have to change the lifestyle and also your attitude towards life.
Here, I will tell you the major health issues we will face in 2021. Don’t miss any detail and read until the end because it will be different and more informative from my previous articles!
The Top Health Issues in 2021
1. Violence and Trauma (Impact on Brain Development)
More than 2,300 mass shootings have happened in the United States since the 2012 mass shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Connecticut. The influence of these shootings and other violent crimes (physical, murder or sexual assault, childhood abuse, etc.) is fundamental, both for direct victims and those. They did not directly see the incident.
Exposure to trauma can have a significant effect on health. The issue of gun violence has an impact not just on the direct victims but also on entire societies. Exposure to trauma may affect one brain development, particularly in kids, and have a lifelong effect on health.”
According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Potential short-term and long-term effects that you will see in ongoing future involve;
- Sleep problems (Insomnia)
- Depression or anxiety
- Changes to the limbic system and its function
- Destructive behaviors
- Cognitive changes
All these issues are not new to us, but they will become increasingly significant and politically charged.”
2. Food Insecurity (Chronic Disease & Obesity)
Food insecurity and a lack of access to healthy and proper nutrition are a significant issue throughout the world. According to the experts, estimated 17million U.S. households were food insecure at some point during 2019, and its impacts will see in future.
Food insecurity may be due to a range of factors. Low income and high food costs are the primary concerns; over 30 % of low-income households in 2019 were food insecure. Access to nutrition is yet another problem.
Poor urban planning, insufficient public transportation options, and small full-service supermarkets in different societies have formed food deserts. It is a term that defines societies with a lack of access to affordable and nutritious food items.
Food insecurity will cause short-term and long-term hunger in the future. On the other hand, these impacts go beyond a missed meal.
Chronic malnutrition will enhance the risk for obesity and chronic diseases in adults. According to food experts, food insecurity may also lead to mental and developmental conditions in kids.
3. Social Isolation (Major Issues for Elders)
According to a current national survey done by Cigna, social isolation is becoming a critical health concern. About half of survey respondents said that they sometimes feel lonely, and nearly 30 % of respondents said that their relationships are not as meaningful and loving as they would love them to be.
Occasionally, loneliness is a natural part of life, but sustained social isolation may have severe effects on a person’s health. According to the National Institute on Aging (NIA), prolonged loneliness is associated with an enhanced risk of high blood pressure, heart disorder, stroke, and a range of mental issues. From some estimates, the impacts can be as disturbing as smoking four cigarettes regularly.
People of all ages and demographics may feel these adverse effects of social isolation, but, according to Maniar, they are experienced more strongly by the developing elderly population.
Particularly for the elderly, social isolation can affect everything from mental health to a person’s ability to access healthcare or get fundamental essentials such as food, water, and medications.
4. Climate Crisis (Increased Risk of Air Pollution)
The world’s climate crisis is one of the significant health threats, according to WHO. Air pollution will be the leading cause of death, around seven million people annually. Additionally, more than 20% of deaths from a chronic respiratory disorder, lung cancer, heart attack, and stroke are linked to the Carbon dioxide emissions that are also responsible for global warming.
According to the World Health Organization, climate change also worsens malnutrition. It stimulates the spread of infectious disorders.
To address this problem, the government should design policy options that aim to reduce the health risks linked to air pollution. The WHO said, “Leaders in both the public and private sectors should work together to clean up air and decrease the health influence of climate change.”
5. The spread of Infectious Diseases
Sexually transmitted infections-HIV, viral hepatitis, and other infectious diseases will kill around three million people in 2020, accord to W.H.O. Vaccine-preventable infections also are expected to kill plenty of people in the future.
The reason why infectious diseases continue to spread is due to weak health systems in endemic countries and inadequate levels of financing, according to W.H.O.
From the expert point of view, there is “an urgent requirement for stronger political will and enhanced funding for important health services; strengthening regular immunization; maintaining the quality and availability of data to inform planning, and more efforts to decrease the influences of drug resistance.”
6. Diet-Related Diseases
About 1/3 of today’s global infections is because of insufficient food, unsafe food, and unhealthy diets, according to WHO. Experts think that food insecurity and hunger will be an issue in the future. There is also a growing number of individuals who have diets that are rich in fat or sugar, causing a rise in weight- and diet-related disorders.
Further, there has been increased usage of tobacco and e-cigarette in most countries, increasing additional health issues.
WHO said that we should take steps to fight back health risks associated with unsafe foods and other products. We can do this by working with countries to set evidence-based public policies and private sector reforms to modify food systems and offer healthy and sustainable diets. The government needs to build political commitment and capacity to strengthen the implementation of tobacco control policies.
7. Adolescent Related Issues
Every year, more than half of millions of adolescents ages 11 to 19 die, with HIV, road accidents injuries, suicide, respiratory infections, and interpersonal violence.
According to WHO, a lot of factors are responsible for involving;
- Dangerous alcohol use
- Unprotected sex
- Lack of physical activity— all these factors can enhance the risks of death of youngsters.
It should be aimed to improve mental health and fight negative behaviors among adolescents in 2021 by issuing new guidance.
8. Anti-Microbial Resistance
Anti-microbial resistance (AMR) can undo years of medical advancements and has enhanced because of a lot of factors, involving limited access to quality and low-cost drugs, the unregulated prescription and usage of antibiotics, poor infection control, and more.
The W.H.O said it is working to fight AMR “by addressing its leading causes while addressing new antibiotics research and development.
9. Increased Health Issues Due to Poor Sanitation
Millions of people worldwide live in communities without proper sanitation services or clean water that are leading triggers of plenty of diseases, and ratios will be increased soon.
According to the World Health Organization, about one-third of healthcare facilities across the world don’t include primary water services that are crucial to health systems. Insufficient water and other necessary resources are responsible for poor-quality care and maximize the probability of infections.
To address the issue, we should ensure all health care facilities have basic hygiene, sanitation, and water services by 2021.
There are several health issues that you will see in the future. To address these issues, we should do some precautionary measures like ensuring the availability of nutritious food to all and proper sanitation conditions.